Test includes anti-SM and anti-Smith/Ribonucleoprotein (SM/RNP).
Useful For: Sm and Sm/RNP Antibodies – Antibodies to Sm are highly specific for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and when present are considered a marker antibody. However, these antibodies are found in only 20% of patients with SLE. RNP antibodies (also known as anti-u1 or ribonucleoprotein antibodies) are found in 45% of SLE patients but are also observed in numerous other disease states such as Sjögren’s syndrome, scleroderma, and polymyositis. Elevated levels of antibodies to RNP are seen in mixed connective tissue disease. In SLE, RNP antibodies have been associated with a relatively benign disease course with lower incidence of renal and central nervous system involvement. Patients may be considered positive for RNP antibodies when the RNP antibody result is significantly higher than the Sm antibody result.
Specimen Requirements: 1 yellow-top SST tube (minimum: 0.5 mL of serum). Centrifuge SST 30 minutes after draw. Refrigerate specimen after collection.
NOTE: Gross hemolysis, gross icterus, or gross lipemia may interfere.
Analytical Time: NO TURNAROUND TIMES
Days Set Up: Monday through Friday
86235 – x 2 SM & RNP ab